The Politics Of Platform Technologies—Benjamin Bratton

At minute 5:41:

[the state providing energy, infrastructure, legal identity, etc.] and bit by bit, each of these and more, are now also provided by cloud platforms. Not necessarily as formal replacement for State-version, but, like google-id, simply more useful and affective for daily life. So for these platforms, the terms of participation are not mandatory, and because of this, the social contracts are more extractive and constitutional.


At minute 8:47:

It’s important as well to recognise that platforms are not only a technical infrastructure, they are an institutional form as well. They centralise like States, scaffolding the terms of participation to rigid but universal protocol, just as they decentralise, like markets, coordinating economies not through the superimposition of fixed plans, but through coordinated emergence.


At minute 12:00:

Platforms centralise some aspects and decentralise others, in weird ratios. The political conversation preoccupied by the metaphysics of State centralisation versus market decentralisation, makes no sense here.


At minute 13:07 he talks about how platforms produce and distribute value between them and their users.


At minute 13:56 he talks about cloud feudalism, and gives a description of it at minute 15:40.


At minute 17:09 he talks about what's the opposite of cloud feudalism, namely a fully automated, universal basic income-based society.

At minute [18:40] Universal Basic Income.


At minute 19:16 he brings up the question of why using a Universal Basic Income to pay for certain things, when there are free tools (eg. Google Docs).


At minute 19:51 he introduces the idea of USL, Universal Service Level:

certain things that are necessary to enjoy a life freely chosen, must be universally available so that they can no longer act as constraints on those choices. Some of these would be need to be paid for with money, but provided as part of a general platform economy and social contract—perhaps with State and market in different ways.