ow is a research project focused on the transformation of the internet user in relation to labour. It draws from Benjamin Bratton's The Stack definition of user—anything able to interface with another user; whether human, animal, plant, mineral, machinic, algorithmic, etc.—to understand the idea of work in a different way.

To do so, the project sets a scenario where a Universal Basic Income is a prerequisite for a post-work society, undermining the classic idea of work and worker—a process began in the 70s with the rising of the post-fordist figure.

The internet user is, indeed, the latest iteration of a process of full identification between the post-fordist worker and his her job, where intellectual and affective labour are the main means of production and of subject-formation.


In no particular order:


Working on:

  • re:publica 2016 – Trebor Scholz: How Platform Cooperativism Can Unleash the Network

    Platform cooperativism is based on two principles: communal ownership democratic governance At 10:18 he assesses that digital labour is the tail of a long process, began in the 1970s with post-fordism, to put an end to work employment. This model could really help a transition toward a post-capitalist, post-work society—where workers own the means of production and the surplus value is localised and spread in the geographical areas (e.g. a city) where labour takes place (unlike with the current sharing economy model, where the surplus value goes back to the platform—Uber, Airbnb, etc). More over, there might even be a... more
  • The Politics Of Platform Technologies—Benjamin Bratton

    At minute 5:41: [the state providing energy, infrastructure, legal identity, etc.] and bit by bit, each of these and more, are now also provided by cloud platforms. Not necessarily as formal replacement for State-version, but, like google-id, simply more useful and affective for daily life. So for these platforms, the terms of participation are not mandatory, and because of this, the social contracts are more extractive and constitutional. At minute 8:47: It’s important as well to recognise that platforms are not only a technical infrastructure, they are an institutional form as well. They centralise like States, scaffolding the terms of participation to... more