ow is a research project focused on the transformation of the internet user in relation to labour. It draws from Benjamin Bratton's The Stack definition of user—anything able to interface with another user; whether human, animal, plant, mineral, machinic, algorithmic, etc.—to understand the idea of work in a different way.

To do so, the project sets a scenario where a Universal Basic Income is a prerequisite for a post-work society, undermining the classic idea of work and worker—a process began in the 70s with the rising of the post-fordist figure.

The internet user is, indeed, the latest iteration of a process of full identification between the post-fordist worker and his her job, where intellectual and affective labour are the main means of production and of subject-formation.


In no particular order:


Working on:

  • The Stack, User Layer—Benjamin H. Bratton

    Relevant passages highlighted while reading the User Layer chapter of The Stack. The Stack—User Layer By contrast, the platform sovereignty of the User in The Stack as identified for the Interface and City layers is derived not from some essential dignity of the particular human who “uses,” but from the agency of the User position in relation to the envelopes against which he or she or it is situated. Any sovereignty of the User draws less probably from established legal rights than from the contradictions and slippages between how formal citizens are provided access under control regimes versus how platfo... more
  • Deleting your free's account

    A user in reply to a blog-post on deleting one's github account because of all the downsides of it being a centralise system, unlike git itself which is a decentralised-by-design one. Canta 2016-01-17 AT 16:55 I agree with both you Bob and Mikael. Specially Bob. However, on a side note, this “OPEN YOuR EYeS!!!1” kinda rant also annoys me. There’s something about the point stated here i feel like a half truth. TL;DR: github is not a necessary evil, our peers are a necessary evil, and dealing with them is dealing with the likes of github. What i believ... more
  •'s machine user explains how to add a machine user to a github repository. Machine users If your server needs to access multiple repositories, you can choose to create a new GitHub account and attach an SSH key that will be used exclusively for automation. Since this GitHub account won't be used by a human, it's called a machine user. You can then add the machine user as collaborator or add the machine user to a team with access to the repositories it needs to manipulate. NOTE: Adding a machine user as a collaborator always grants read/write access. Adding a ... more
  • The Black Stack

    A lot of great passages, italics mine: From here we see that contemporary Cloud platforms are displacing, if not also replacing, traditional core functions of states, and demonstrating, for both good and ill, new spatial and temporal models of politics and publics. Archaic states drew their authority from the regular provision of food. Over the course of modernization, more was added to the intricate bargains of Leviathan: energy, infrastructure, legal identity and standing, objective and comprehensive maps, credible currencies, and flag-brand loyalties. Bit by bit, each of these and more are now provided by Cloud platforms, not necessarily as formal ... more
  • The future of UI is text

    ⤷ source more
  • 2016 will be the year of conversational commerce

    Too keep in mind, and connected to The future of UI is text: Before I begin, I want to clarify that conversational commerce (as I see it) largely pertains to utilizing chat, messaging, or other natural language interfaces (i.e. voice) to interact with people, brands, or services and bots that heretofore have had no real place in the bidirectional, asynchronous messaging context. The net result is that you and I will be talking to brands and companies over Facebook Messenger, WhatsApp, Telegram, Slack, and elsewhere before year’s end, and will find it normal. Indeed, there are several examples of... more
  • The Stack and the Post-human User: an Interview with Benjamin Bratton

    In your Stack model, the user can be human, but doesn’t have to be. What is the user in the Stack? When we say user-centred design, we focus on human users. Now, anything that can initiate what I call a column, that can activate all the layers of the Stack, can be a user. It is worth thinking about the layers as actually working sequentially, when one message is sent from one user to another user. The user sends a message to the interface layer, the address layer, all the way down to the earth layer, and then to th... more
  • The Black Stack, user as a political subject

    Benjamin H. Bratton and Metahaven in conversation at transmediale 2014, Berlin. At time 1:00:25s, Benjamin talks about the reconfiguration of the user as a new political subject, redefining what a political subject is nowadays. more